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Chenille yarn; see chenille

hair thread which is basically a narrow strip of fabric with a pile surface, produced by a technique somewhat more complex than that used in the production of yarn. Composed of between four and six warp threads in linen or gauze weave, out of which the threads protrude to form a pile surface which is fixed in the required "O" or "V" shape. C. is woven on looms or special chenille machines, by which it is cut lengthwise, achieving stripes on the fabric which are arranged in the required shapes. Used in the production of chenille fabric (used as an effect in the fabrics of ladies' dresses and coats). The name is given by the French "chenille" (= caterpillar). Another c. production technique is the insetting of short-cut fibres between two supporting threads, stabilizing the fibres by the twist.



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