Online Textile Dictionary


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1. The woollen coat of a domestic sheep consisting of downy hairs, i.e. delicate crimped hairs and from kemp, i.e. coarse, less crimped or almost straight hairs. It is removed by shearing from usually living animals. After shearing the fleece remains in one whole, gummed together with sweat, grease and dirt in form of strands, groups and locks. In ordinary grown up sheep the shearing is done at least once a year. Soon shearing provides short wool, late shearing can damage the sheep health, especially in summer. Weight of sheep fleece depends on the breed, gender, age, climate, sheep well-being and feed. Usually it is about 4-7 kg. Fleece is then separated into classes based on quality. The best wool is from the shoulder blades area and hips, lower quality wool is from back and the lowest quality wool is from legs, head and tail. 2. Fleece is also a flat fabric consisting of textile fibres either spinnable or continuous interconnected by natural cohesion

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Evropská unie Education and Culture This project has been funded with support from the European Commission. This publication [communication] reflects the views only of the author, and the Commission cannot be held responsible for any use which may be made of the information contained therein.
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