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Synthetic fibre

produced from fibre-forming synthetic macromolecular materials (polymers), and created by polyreactions from simple chemical materials (monomers). By its qualities, certain of which (resistance to high temperatures, tensile strength, elasticity, etc.) can be changed practically at random, it is equivalent in many cases to a natural f. Distinctive for its small pick, strength, resistance to wear, elasticity, retention of shape, resistance to effects of the atmosphere; this means that products from s. f. are easy to maintain. Used in the production of underwear and the fabrics and knits of ladies' dresses and men's suits, and also in products for technical use. First produced and commonly used in the textile and clothing industries in the mid 1930s; its technical development is still in progress. The most important types of s. f. include polyamide, polyester, polyolefin, polyacrylonitrile, polyvinyl chloride, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl liden, polyfluorethylene and polyurethane.



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